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Nearly 2.5 million individuals contracted tuberculosis in Africa in 2022 – WHO

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The World Health Organisation (WHO) has revealed that nearly 2.5 million people fell ill and 424,000 lives were lost to tuberculosis in the African region alone in 2022.

About 70% of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the African region are now being diagnosed and treated, marking the highest case-detection rate in the region ever, thanks to concerted efforts by countries to address the threat of the disease.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Tuberculosis Report 2023, the case detection rate has been on the rise since 2018, with a significant increase observed between 2020 and 2022, rising from 60% to 70% of cases being detected.

Nigeria, which bears a significant TB burden, witnessed a nearly threefold increase in case notification over the past five years, with 285,000 cases reported in 2022 compared to 106,000 cases in 2018.

Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, emphasized the need for continued efforts to reduce the devastating impacts of TB on families and communities. While progress has been made, further action is needed to accelerate momentum towards making TB history.

The African region, which accounts for 23% of TB cases and 33% of deaths globally, is making steady progress towards ending the disease.

Challenges such as limited access to health services, inadequate health infrastructure, insufficient quality of care, inadequate human resources for health, and inadequate social protection continue to impede progress in ending TB.

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